19th Century Timeline

1231-1808
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Papal Inquisition
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1478-1834
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Torquemada's Spanish Inquisition
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1760-1820
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Reign of King George III (Hanover)
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1792-1815
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Napoleonic war
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1796-1800
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John Adams elected 2nd president of US
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1798-1800
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Undeclared war with France
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1800
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1st Battery (Volta)
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1800-1809
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Thomas Jefferson elected president of US
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1800
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Russia annexes Georgia
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1800
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US capital moves from Philadelphia to Washington DC
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1802
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Babylonian cuniform deciphered
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1803
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Louisiana Territory Purchased
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1803
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Fulton propels vessel by steampower
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1803
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Ohio enters the union - 17th
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1804
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Haiti independent - 1st black country in West. Hemis.
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1804-1806
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Lewis and Clark Expedition
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1805
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Morphine isolated
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1805
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Thomas Jefferson re-elected president of US
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1807
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Robert Fulton makes 1st practical steamboat voyage
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1808
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Import of new slaves into US Is banned
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1808
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Pompeii excavation begins in earnest
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1809-1816
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James Madison elected president of US
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1809
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Charles Darwin born
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1810
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Homeopathy founded
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1810
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US pop. reaches 7.2 million
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1812
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Louisiana enters the union - 18th
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1812-1814
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War of 1812
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1812
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Missouri organized as a territory
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1815
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French outlaw slavery in France
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1815
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Battle of Waterloo
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1815
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Sumbawa volcano (Indonesia) erupts; 50,000 killed
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1816
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Indiana enters the union - 19th
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1816
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Stethoscope
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1816
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Photographic Negative
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1817
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Alabama organized as a territory
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1817-1825
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Erie canal constructed
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1817
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Pentrich Revolution - England's last revolution
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1817-1823
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1st Cholera pandemic
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1817-1824
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James Monroe president of US
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1817
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Mississippi enters the union - 20th
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1818
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Illinois enters the union - 21st
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1818
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Savannah 1st steamship to cross the Atlantic
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1819
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Arkansas organized as a territory
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1819
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Oersted discovers electro-magnetism
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1819
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Alabama enters the union - 22nd
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1820-1830
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Reign of King George IV (Hanover)
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1820
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Maine enters the union - 23rd
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1821
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Missouri enters the union - 24th
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1821
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US pop. reaches 9.2 million
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1821-1829
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Greek war of Independence
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1821
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1st US women's college
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1822
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Florida organized as a territory
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1824-1828
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John Quincy Adams president of US
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1824
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Erie canal finished
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1824
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Internal Combustion Engine
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1826
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1st railroad tunnel (England)
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1827
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Ship's propeller (screw)
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1827
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1st Black newspaper Freedom's Journal
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1827
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Ohms Law formulated
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1828
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1st railroad in the US
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1828-1836
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Andrew Jackson president of US
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1828
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1st Webster's Dictionary
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1829
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1st US patent on a typewriter
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1829-1851
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2nd Cholera pandemic
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1830
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Mormons (Latter Day Saints) founded
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1830-1860
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Underground railroad leads 100,000 slaves to freedom in US
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1830-1837
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Reign of King William IV (Hanover)
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1832
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Horse-drawn trolleys in New York
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1833
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Slavery abolished in British Empire (home and colonies)
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1833
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Telegraph
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1834
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Modern computer conceived by Charles Babbage
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1835
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Mormon leader Joseph Smith prophesies of 'coming of lord' by 1891
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1835
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Halley's Comet
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1835-1842
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2nd Seminole War
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1836
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Texas war for independence
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1836
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Arkansas enters the union -25th
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1836
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Battle of the Alamo
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1837
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Depression and Panic in the US - inflation, speculation
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1837-1840
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Martin Van Buren president of US
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1837-1901
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Reign of Queen Victoria (Hanover)
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1837
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Michigan enters the union - 26th
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1838-1839
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Forced relocation of Cherokee
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1839-1842
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Opium war between China and the English
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1841-1844
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John Tyler president of US
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1842
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Chinese cede Hong Kong to the English
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1844
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1st telegraph line message, Washington to New York
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1845-1849
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Irish Potato Famine
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1845
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Florida enters the union - 27th
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1845-1848
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James K Polk president of US
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1845
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Texas enters the union - 28th
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1846-1848
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The Mexican-US War
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1846
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Iowa enters the union - 29th
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1848
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NY allows women to own real estate
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1848-1856
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1st gold rush in California
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1848
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Wisconsin enters the union - 30th
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1848
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Oregon organized as a territory
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1849
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Fizeau measures speed of light
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1849-1852
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Zachary Taylor president of the US
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1850
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Utah (included Nevada) organized as a territory
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1850
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California enters the union - 31st
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1850
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New Mexico organized as a territory
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1850
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US pop reaches 23 million
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1850
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World pop. est. at 1.1 billion
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1851
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Gold rush in Australia
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1852-1859
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3rd Cholera pandemic
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1853-1856
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Franklin Pierce president of US
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1853
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Washington (included pt. of Idaho) organized as a territory
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1854-1856
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Crimean War
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1854
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Nebraska organized as a territory
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1854
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Kansas organized as a territory
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1857
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Dred Scott decision: Blacks could not be US citizens
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1857-1866
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Transatlantic cable laid
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1857-1860
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James Buchanan president of US
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1858
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India bill transfers government of India to England
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1858
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Minnesota enters the union - 32nd
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1859
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Oregon enters the union - 33rd
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1859
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Oil Well
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1859
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Darwin pub. Origin Of Species
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1860
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South Carolina Secedes from the Union
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1860
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Rifled barrel invented
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1861
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Kansas enters the union - 34th
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1861-1865
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Confederate States of America Exist
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1861
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Transcontinental Telegraph completed
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1861
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South Dakota organized as a territory
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1861
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North Dakota organized as a territory
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1861
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Nevada organized as a territory
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1861-1865
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Civil War from
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1861-1865
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Abraham Lincoln president of US
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1861
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Colorado organized as a territory
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1861
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The Apache Declare War on the US
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1861
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Gold rush in New Zealand
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1862
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US Homestead act
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1863
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Arizona organized as a territory
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1863-1879
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4th Cholera pandemic
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1863
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Idaho organized as a territory
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1863
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Battle of Gettysburg
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1863
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Emancipation Proclamation frees southern slaves
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1863
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West Virginia enters the union - 35th
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1864
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Louisiana organized as a territory
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1864
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Nevada enters the union - 36th
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1865
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Lister invents Disinfection
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1865
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Ku Klux Klan founded
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1865
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President Lincoln assassinated
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1866-1868
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Andrew Johnson president of US
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1866
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Walker, Mitchell 1st elected US black officials (Massachusetts)
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1867
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Nebraska enters the union - 37th
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1867
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Confederation of Canada
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1867
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Dynamite
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1867
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Alaska purchased from Russia
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1867
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Diamonds discovered in South Africa
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1868-1878
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War between Cuba and Spain
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1869
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Suez canal opened
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1869-1876
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Ulysses S Grant president of US
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1869
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Cutty Sark built
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1869
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Financial black friday caused by attempt to corner gold 
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1869
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Trans-continental railroad completed
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1870-1871
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Franco-Prussian war
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1870
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US black men can vote
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1870
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1st black US senator (Hiram Revels)
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1871
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Great Fire destroys Chicago
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1873-1878
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Depression, banks fail
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1873
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Color Photographs
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1876
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Colorado enters the union - 38th
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1876
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Little Big Horn - Battle
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1876
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American Centennial
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1876
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Telephone (Bell, Latimer)
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1877
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Wax Cylinder Musical Recordings
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1877-1880
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Ruthorford B Hayes president of US
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1878
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1st commercial telephone exchange in US
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1879
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Zulu war
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1879
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Electric Light Bulb (Edison)
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1881
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James A Garfield president of US
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1881
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 President Garfield assassinated
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1881-1885
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Chester Arthur president of US
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1881-1896
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5th Cholera pandemic
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1884
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1st subway
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1884
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Motorcycle
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1885-1888
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Grover Cleveland president of US
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1885
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Automobile
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1886
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Induction Telegraph (Grandville T. Woods)
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1887
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X-Rays (Tesla)
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1888
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70...77 rpm musical records
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1888
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Great Blizzard of 1888 - 400 deaths
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1889
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South Dakota enters the union - 40th
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1889
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Holerith invents the punch card
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1889-1892
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Benjamin Harrison president of US
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1889
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North Dakota enters the union - 39th
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1889
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Montana enters the union - 41st
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1889
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Washington enters the union - 42nd
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1890
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Oklahoma organized as a territory
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1890
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Idaho enters the union - 43rd
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1890
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Battle of Wounded Knee
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1890
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Wyoming enters the union - 44th
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1891
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Mormon prophesy of 'coming of lord' by 1891 unfulfilled
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1893
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Movies
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1893
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New Zealand is 1st to grant women right to vote
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1893-1897
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US Financial panic, depression
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1893-1896
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Grover Cleveland president of US
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1893
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Nikola Tesla invents Radio (not Marconi!)
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1894-1895
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Chinese-Japanese war (1)
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1894
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Plague in Hong Kong and China - 1 million dead
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1896
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Utah enters the union - 45th
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1896
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Supreme court approves separate but equal segregation
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1897-1901
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William McKinley president of US
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1898
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Spanish American 1-year war
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1899-1902
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Boer war
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1899-1923
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6th Cholera pandemic
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1900
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Hawaii organized as a territory
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1900
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Boxer rebellion in China
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1900
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Galveston Hurricane - 8,000

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